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    Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR)


    Total Amount

    GFDRR portfolio: $244,310,387

    Financing Mechanisms

    Co-financing , Grant , Other , Risk management , Technical assistance

    Qualifying Projects

    Adaptation , Capacity Building , Technology, Agriculture , Climate-Resilient , Coastal Zone Management , Disaster Risk Reduction , Fisheries , Forestry , Infrastructures , Natural Resource Management , Populations & Human Settlements , Sustainable Land Management , Tourism , Transport , Waste Management , Water


    From under $100,000 (individual grants) to over $1 million (country programmes)

    Funding Objectives

    Established in 2006, the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) is a partnership of 35 countries and six international organizations committed to helping developing countries reduce their vulnerability to natural hazards and adapt to climate change. The partnership’s mission is to mainstream disaster risk reduction (DDR) and climate change adaptation in country development strategies by supporting a country-led and country-managed implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA).

    Donors join GFDRR in its cooperative mission to help developing countries reduce their vulnerability to natural hazards and adapt to climate change. Since its inception in September 2006 through November 2010, GFDRR has received $244 million in pledges and contributions from its donors.

    Financing Mechanisms

    The GFDRR operates along Three Tracks:

    Track I – Global and Regional Cooperation: This track promotes well-functioning international capacities and cooperation agreements in the ISDR System to support national disaster risk management and climate change adaptation. Track I financing is executed through the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR).

    Track II – Disaster Risk Reduction Mainstreaming: The second track provides ex-ante assistance to developing countries to mainstream and expand disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation activities. Track II is primarily focused on achieving results through country-specific work. Beneficiary GFDRR priority countries are low- or middle-income countries prone to high disaster risks and/or requiring special attention due to adverse geo-economical settings, such as small-island and fragile states. Track II financing could be used for:

    • Implementation of the 31 GFDRR priority countries’ national disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation programmes or for supporting such work in other countries in Africa, Caribbean, and the Pacific
    • Analytical and advisory activities (country, regional, and global scope)

    Track III – Sustainable Recovery: This track provides ex-post support to developing countries upon their request to fast-track disaster recovery and to ensure that future risk reduction measures are incorporated into post-disaster recovery plans and programs.

    Application Procedures

    World Bank Group staff can apply through GFDRR's Results Based Management System (RBMS), an intranet-based system for monitoring and reporting on all GFDRR financed activities.

    Other organizations can request assistance through GFDRR’s website:

    Track II - Request for Assistance

    Track III - Request for Assistance

    Proposal Selection Criteria:

    All proposals for GFDRR assistance must fit within one of three Tracks. Proposals are assessed by the GFDRR Secretariat against the following set of criteria:

    1. Consistency with the GFDRR Mission: All activities must be consistent with the GFDRR’s overarching objective of mainstreaming disaster risk reduction and assisting sustainable recovery to help eliminate poverty and achieve sustainable development.
    2. Government Commitment: There must be clear evidence of country ownership of country-specific activities. Global, regional, or multilateral activities will not normally be required to meet this criterion. However, as determined by the GFDRR Secretariat, the criterion may be applied to multilateral activities that are designed to benefit directly a small number of easily-identifiable countries.
    3. Donor Coordination: The GFDRR activities must be undertaken in a way that promotes effective coordination with the activities of GFDRR partners. In particular, country-specific activities are undertaken only if the GFDRR Secretariat is satisfied that the proposed activity does not conflict with programs or activities being undertaken by the World Bank Group, the ISDR system, other GFDRR donor partners or, to the extent this is easily verifiable, by other donors, United Nations agencies, and other stakeholders outside of GFDRR. Joint initiatives involving national governments, the UN system, IFIs and others at the country level are encouraged to seek Track II and III financing.
    4. Co-financing: All proposals should include co-financing with a target of at least 10% financing from the proponent or the relevant low- or middle income country government, as well as from other sources. Co-financing may be in the form of in-kind assistance.

    Project Types


    The GFDRR-financed programmes and activities are country-driven and build on National Disaster Risk Management Strategies, National Adaptation Programs of Action (NAPA) and other relevant country studies and strategies. These climate actions are strategically aligned with other donor-funded activities to promote capacity building and provide pilot and seed finance to promote climate resilience and strengthen countries’ long-term climate risk management capacity, while reducing exposure to today’s climate risks. At the country level, GFDRR operates primarily through a three-year technical assistance program to enhance investments in risk reduction and risk transfer mechanisms.

    In addition to support for the GFDRR 31 Priority countries disaster risk reduction and adaptation programmes, GFDRR also supports global and regional knowledge and capacity-building initiative, as well as national and regional level analytical and advisory work and technical assistance in the area of climate risk management. GFDRR Risk Financing Group works with national governments to promote national and regional risk transfer and risk management solutions, while the GFDRR LABS team is actively engaged in developing innovative risk analysis tools and promoting open source DRM data and knowledge platforms at the regional and global levels. Upon request from partner countries, GFDRR also support Post Disaster Needs Assessments and reconstruction planning efforts.

    Decision-making structure


    The GFDRR is managed by the World Bank on behalf of the participating donors and other partnering stakeholders. GFDRR‘s governance, mission, operating mechanisms, and organizational structure are clearly defined in its Partnership Charter that was adopted in February 2007 and amended in April 2010 to include selected developing country governments invited by the Consultative Group on a two year staggered-rotation basis as non-contributing members.

    In accordance with the Charter, GFDRR’s governance includes:

    • The Secretariat: Carries out the mission of the GFDRR and manages its day-to-day operations. The GFDRR Secretariat provides an annual report on GFDRR activities to the Consultative Group through the Consultative Group Chair. It is housed at the World Bank headquarters in Washington, DC. Professional staff of the GFDRR Secretariat is recruited internationally based on relevant expertise following World Bank recruitment rules. The Program Manager and Head of the Secretariat is Mr. Saroj Kumar Jha , who leads a team of dedicated Experts in Washington DC, Brussels, and Geneva.
    • The Consultative Group: The Consultative Group (CG) is GFDRR’s policy making body and creates the essence of most GFDRR long-term strategic objectives while overseeing expected results. The CG consists of official donors contributing at least US$ 3 million in cash cumulatively over three consecutive years; recipient or developing country governments contributing at least US$ 500,000 in cash cumulatively over three consecutive years; UNISDR as a non-contributing member; the Chair of the Results Management Council; and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) as permanent observers. In addition, the CG may invite up to six developing country governments to be members on a staggered rotation basis. Currently, the developing country governments as CG member include Haiti, Senegal, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Yemen, and Malawi. Partners who have recently joined the Consultative Group are New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Mexico, and South Korea. The CG meets twice a year and is chaired by the World Bank’s Vice President for Sustainable Development and co-chaired by a donor member.
    • The Results Management Council: The Results Management Council (RMC) provides technical guidance to support GFDRR-financed activities. Members of the RMC have advised the GFDRR Secretariat and the Consultative Group on the establishment of a results framework for disaster risk reduction and continue to guide its implementation to ensure an effective framework remains in place. In addition, RMC members provide strategic advice on how best to disseminate knowledge and share best practices at the local, regional and international levels while leveraging their respective networks to broaden the scope and reach of GFDRR’s activities. The RMC consists of selected experts and practitioners, as well as regional and sub-regional organizations.

    Project Examples


    An Action Plan for Improving Weather and Climate Service Delivery in High-Risk, Low-Income Countries ($200,400):  Central Asia’s agriculture suffers with droughts, floods, heat and cold waves, avalanches and mudslides. Water scarcity and salinization increase the vulnerability of the region, which is expected to be severely hit by climate change. Early warning systems and other climate and hydrological services play a key role in preparing the rural and other sectors for natural hazards. However, Central Asia’s National Hydrometeorological Services (NHHS), which are responsible for information on weather, water and climate, have suffered greatly from under-funding, which led to degradation of basic NMHS infrastructure and the subsequent deterioration of services.

    GFDRR funded an action plan to modernize NMHSs and improve hydrometeorological service delivery, which was completed in a joint effort with stakeholders of Kyrgyztan, Tajikistan and Turkemenistan. A plan for regional cooperation and modernization options was developed for NMHS, and all countries are moving forward with more detailed preparations or implementation of priority activities. The priority country, Kyrgyzstan, will be supported by the next GFDRR grant funding. Turkmenistan will proceed with national financing, and the action plan for Tajikistan will likely be funded by the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR).

    Climate Change and Future Flood Risks (Bangladesh, $75,000): In Bangladesh, recurrent floods have severe impacts on agricultural production and food security. GFDRR funded a hydrological study finalized in 2009 that identified future flood risk and vulnerabilities of the agricultural sector. Most of the models used in the study project that flooding in the country will increase in the next 40 years with adverse impacts to agriculture and other sectors. Understanding future flood risks is critical to improve the adaptive capacity of the agriculture sector and other sectors. This study is a critical input into the on-going World Bank study ‘Implications of Climate Change on Food Security in Bangladesh: A Menu of Adaptation Responses’.

    Community Co-Management for Disaster Risk Management of Marine Resources in West Africa ($900,000): This initiative aims to strengthen capacity in the coastal communities of Senegal, Sierra Leone and Mauritania, by supporting the government’s policies on coastal and marine resource management, including the critical problem of coastal erosion, and by developing local-level policies and community-specific strategies to respond to local risk factors resulting from climate change.

    Specifically, this project follows a common approach in the three countries, involving:

    • Surveys in different fishing communities to gather reliable information on socio- economic and political variables;
    • Local fishing practices and citizens’ perceptions on topics such as climate change and risk management;
    • Dissemination of information back to the communities;
    • Strengthening local government-community cooperation; and,
    • Monitoring of progress made by communities towards the development of local-level policies and strategies.

    Integrated Flood Management in the Pacific - Nadi Flood Pilot ($1,399,000): This project main objective is to pilot an integrated flood management approach in the Nadi basin as a measure to reduce disaster risk that can be replicated in other watersheds in Fiji and other Pacific countries.

    The project is designed to achieve results independently of inputs from other projects. Nevertheless its major strength lies in being closely implemented with two other regional initiatives: the GEF-funded Pacific Integrated Water Resource Management project and the EU-funded Pacific Hydrological Cycle Observing System (HYCOS) project. This synergy will strengthen the project contribution to the overarching development goal of reducing flood losses in Fiji and in the Pacific region. The specific objectives and impact assessment of each component are:

    1. Institutional Strengthening of Flood Forecasting and Warning Systems: This component aims to a) develop a standard operating procedure for coordination, monitoring and response to flood events including data collection, management and dissemination and b) integrate the flood forecasting and warning system with meteorological services and arrangements. Impact will be assessed through the delivery and adoption of a standard operating procedure and a manual for the Nadi River basin, updating of the hydrological datasets for Nadi and implementation of recommendations from a report on improved provision of hydrological services.
    2. Flood Risk Assessment, Identification of Mitigation Measures and Dissemination: To acquire baseline data of sufficient quality to enable local level flood risk modeling and identification of the most appropriate flood mitigation measures. The impact will be assessed by the availability and use of a new high resolution Digital Elevation Model for the Nadi area, the availability and use of a two-dimensional flood inundation model and flood hazard and risk maps, and the dissemination of the recommended flood mitigation measures.
    3. Institutional Strengthening for Integrated Flood Management: The objective is to develop or strengthen the policy, institutional and regulatory framework that support integrated flood management. Impact will be assessed by the development and/or adoption of an integrated flood management policy and related legislation, and the development and dissemination of an IFM strategy and action plan including participation mechanisms and training of government officials involved in flood management in Fiji.



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